A prostate biopsy is a procedure to take samples from your prostate to examine them for signs of prostate cancer. There are different types of prostate biopsy procedures but they all generally involve removing samples from your prostate either by way of a needle guided by ultrasound or by some other means, such as a cutting loop. Once the biopsy is over, you can expect different post-procedure events such as bleeding from your rectum for 2 to 3 days after the biopsy. You may have a urinary catheter inserted for a few hours in the event that you underwent a transurethral biopsy. If you had general anesthesia, you will spend some time in a recovery room after the procedure, and you will be required to have someone drive you home after the procedure. Generally, no matter what procedure you have, you should avoid strenuous activities for at least five hours. Your pelvic area may also be mildly painful for the next few days. You may also see blood in your urine and/or stool for up to five days, and some men notice that their semen is discolored with blood for up to one month after a biopsy.
Here are some tips to help you with your recovery after a prostate biopsy.
- Avoid any strenuous exercise or physical activities, including lifting, for at least 5 hours after the biopsy, and preferably 24-48 hours.
- Limit yourself to mild to moderate exercise or physical activities thereafter for the next 3 to 4 days. Always check with your doctor for more specific instructions about what you can and cannot do. For example, you may wish to avoid any stress on the pelvic area such as riding a bicycle, motorcycle, or horse for about a week
- Take Modified Citrus Pectin, which has been shown in numerous studies to cause apoptosis (self destruction) in cancer cells. When having a biopsy, cancerous cells can escape from the prostate and modified citrus pectin is recommended to assist your immune system to eradicate cancerous cells that enter the blood stream during the procedure
- Do not stress or push to strain when going to the bathroom
- Don’t hold your urine back when going to the restroom! Holding back from urinating can irritate your bladder and lead to a urinary tract infection.
- Avoid constipation by eating foods high in fiber and staying hydrated. Straining to eliminate can worsen your symptoms as you heal.
- Avoid sexual activities for the first few days or longer and make sure you explain to your partner about the potential discoloration in your semen.
- Keep your penis and surrounding area clean to help avoid infection.
- Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms: fever greater than 101 degrees, heavy bleeding, urinary urgency, abdominal pain, chills, trouble urinating, or any other new symptom.
- Avoid spicy foods, alcohol, and caffeine, as they can irritate the bladder
- Do not wear light-colored pants in case you experience bleeding
- Do not worry about erectile dysfunction or infertility: a prostate biopsy does not cause either of these conditions
- Stay hydrated with pure water and green tea, which can help fight any possible infection, promote healing, and support prostate health
Generally, you should maintain a healthy diet and take supplements that can assist in the healing process and limit the chances of getting an infection in your prostate.