The most basic treatment for prostate cancer is active surveillance or “watchful waiting,” which means doing nothing more than keeping an eye on the situation, typically by returning to the doctor routinely for examinations to make sure the disease has not taken a turn for the worse. Active surveillance is typically reserved for older men who have non-aggressive cancers. The theory behind this approach is that older men with less aggressive prostate cancer will likely die of other causes before the cancer itself become life-threatening, so there is no need to take aggressive action. Lifestyle considerations such as the risk of ED and The Prostate Diet and the 6 Pillars of Prostate Health that have been shown to reduce the risk of developing cancer or allowing the cancer to progress to a more advanced form. This includes maintaining a healthy weight, focusing on low-fat foods, enjoying lots of fruits and vegetables, managing stress and exercising regularly as well as many other healthy changes to your lifestyle and dietary habits.
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Transcript of an interview with Dr. Peter Carroll, at the University of California San Francisco Medical Center. Source: http://www.ucsfhealth.org/education/active_surveillance_for_prostate_cancer/